JELT 2009

The Effect of Pedagogical Agents in Learning Conditions and Their Possible Impact on Learning Gains

The potential of pedagogical agent’s technology as means of solving some persistent problems in educational environment.


The power of e-learning is more than technology but it is the social dynamics of networking. The revolutionary impact of e-learning lies not simply in having a multimedia platform on a single desktop. It is the combined power of a world-wide network of such computers — that connects authors, instructors and learners globally with the immediacy of text, graphics, audio and video, as well as interactivity and collaborative sharing. Technology-based instruction offers leverage to make the planning/ development process and the delivery/ learning process more efficient. The tools augment the instructional capacity of teachers and learning activity of students. This paper presents the potential of pedagogical agent’s technology as means of solving some persistent problems in educational environment. The purpose of the research was to examine the effectiveness of the pedagogical agents to contribute the impact of learning gains among undergraduate degree programmed in education. Initially, a total number of 43 students enrolled for the subject Telecommunication and Networking participated in the pre-experimental research study using the Autotutor as the instrument. The pilot study was conducted and showed the reliability coefficient with Cronbach’s alpha is 0.979. The result showed the pedagogical agent making gains in learning (M=3.67, SD=0.641). The study was determining the potential of pedagogical agent in help in learning. The author found that, pedagogical agent extends to learner’s knowledge by providing several methods. If the learner is frustrated, for example, the tutor would need to generate hints to advance the learner in constructing knowledge, and make supportive empathetic comments to enhance motivation. If the learner is bored, the tutor would need to present more engaging or challenging problems for the learner to work on. If the learner is confused, the tutor would need to guide the learner in productive learning trajectories that oscillate between cognitive disequilibrium and equilibrium.

Published at Journal of Enhancement Learning and Teaching, printed in UH,UK. Autumn 2009.


The Beginning

That the picture of my precious baby named Orked Qaisara, DOB 10/10/09 at Darul Ehsan Medical Centre (DEMC) Selangor with a weight 3.2 kg and length about 52cm. Orked was born by C Section due to obstacles carried out by normal procedure. About 1hrs 30m time operation, the 1st 30m Orked was delivered. She was so cute….this my 1st experience that I couldn’t explain by word…it’s so tremendous moments of my life.


Day 1


PreNatal 30W2D

Weeks 29 to 32 – 15 to 17 inches, 4 lbs. 6 oz.: These weeks see further development towards independent life:  There is a rapid increase in the amount of body fat and the fetus begins storing its own iron, calcium, and phosphorus.  The bones are fully developed, but still soft and pliable.  There are rhythmic breathing movements present, the fetal body temperature is partially self-controlled, and there is increased central nervous system control over body functions.


#30 Week
#30 Week

#30 Week
#30 Week

Stages of Prenatal Development

The Germinal Stage | The germinal stage begins with conception, when the sperm and egg cell unite in one of the two fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg, known as a zygote, then moves toward the uterus, a journey that can take up to a week to complete. Cell division begins approximately 24 to 36 hours after conception. Cell division continues at a rapid rate and the cells then develop into what is known as a blastocyst. The blastocyst is made up of three laters: the ectoderm (which will become the skin and nervous system), the endoderm (which will become the digestive and respiratory systems), and the mesoderm (which will become the muscle and skeletal systems). Finally, the blastocyst arrives at the uterus and attached to the uterine wall, a process known as implantation.

The Embryonic Stage | The mass of cells is now know as and embryo. The embryonic stage begins after implantation and continues until cell differentiation has been mostly completed. Structures important to the support of the embryo develop, including the placenta and umbilical cord. During this time, cells begin to differentiate into the various body systems. The basic outlines of the organ, body, and nervous systems are established. By the end of the embryonic stage, the beginnings of features such as fingers, eyes, mouth, and ears become visible.

The Fetal Stage | Once cell differentiation is mostly complete, the embryo enters the next stage and becomes known as a fetus. The early body systems and structures established in the embryonic stage continue to develop. The neural tube develops into the brain and spinal cord and neurons form. Sex organs begin to appear during the third month of gestation. The fetus continues to grow in both weight and length, although the majority of the physical growth occurs in the later stages of pregnancy.

Resource by By , Guide

Product IID10SE

CBL environment is expected to motivate learners, educators wonder how to ensure the learning process is at its optimum level.


This product consists of instructional materials combined with technology approaches to enhance computer-based learning.  The software focuses on the theoretical and practical of interior design that can help visual art teachers to teach.  Multimedia courseware is a platform for all to communicate, share and explore knowledge.  Using such a courseware will be an added benefit during the learning process.  Although the integration of such elements within a CBL environment is expected to motivate learners, educators wonder how to ensure the learning process is at its optimum level.  There is little technology exploited in the teaching of art other than the conventional method of chalk and talk and demonstration.  Thus the presentation in this software, which is structured, is expected to help learners go through the contents and to respond positively to the activities.  It employs a non-linear, problem-based, student-centered, constructivist approach to assist learning. The uniqueness of this software is the used of multiple intelligence approaches to assist learning.  The used of 6 elements of multimedia, Dale Cone of Learning, Instructional Model and Strategies will make this courseware more meaningful and valuable to the users. This multimedia course is highly potential and valuable in Malaysian market based on schools system offered visual art subject. In terms of resources, I believe this courseware not only gives a content knowledge but also pedagogical aspect was delivered well in this package.


Poster IID10 Special Edition



Believe each of us have an ability and chances to prove something beyond….

IID2010 Special Edition
IID2010 Special Edition

This is my 3 years participating Innovation.Invention.Design known as IID 2010 SE. This season I still focusing in instructional material and also partnership with my ex-student and currently as a visual art teacher at Johor.  In 2008 my 1st entry I got 1 gold, followed by 2009 1 silver and 1 bronze and hopefully 2010 become better. My point of view, joined this kind of competition really open our eyes how creative malaysian academia towards providing a better life in future.

art I edutech I photography I scientist

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