Topic 0016: Differentiate between Quantitative Research vs Qualitatitave Research

There are the different between Quantitative Research vs Qualitatitave Research;

Aspect

Quantitative

Qualitative

Definition

Concerned with discovering fact about social phenomena. Concerned with understanding human behaviour form infromants perspective.

Focus

Assumes and fixed and measurable reality Assumes a dynamic and negotiated reality

Purpose

  • To test theories
  • To construct facts
  • To differentiate
  • To correlate
  • To predict human behaviour
  • To explain statiscally
  • To complete the theories
  • To enhance knowledge
  • To explain facts
  • To explain the phenomena

Research Methods

  • Experimental
  • Quasi Experimental
  • Structure Interview
  • Structure Observation
  • Survey
  • Correlation

 

  • Observation
  • Non-structure interview
  • Document analysis
  • Case Study
  • Ethnography
  • Narrative
  • Grounded Theory

Strategy

  • Formal Interview
  • Structured
  • Survey
  • Documentation
  • Observation
  • Informal Interview
  • Non-Structure
  • Questionnaires
  • Audio Visual

 

Analisis Data

  • Raw data by number
  • Statistical
  • Deductive
  • Programming software such SPSS, SEM-AMOS, SMART-PLS etc.
  • Raw data by verbatim
  • Continous analysis
  • Not a statistical
  • Inductive
  • Programming software such Atlas.ti, Nvivo etc.

Data Interpretation

Generalization Summarization

Problem

  • Variables
  • Validity

 

  •  Time-consuming
  • Reliability
  • No standardized procedure
  • Not for population

Terminology

  • Explain
  • Variables
  • Hipotesis
  • Conceptual
  • Generalization
  • Explore
  • Element
  • Category
  • Theme
  • Patent
  • Model
  • Framework

Sampling Method

Probalility Sampling (Creswell, 2005), Kejcie and Morgan, 1970)

Refer Topic 0013: Choosing a Sampling Method

Non-Probalility Sampling  (Miles and Huberman,1994 dan Creswell, 2005)

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