STEP 1: Formulating Research Question
Before you begin writing a proposal, take some time to map out your research strategy. A good first step is to formulate a research question.
A Research Question is a statement that identifies the phenomenon to be studied. For example, “How to design and develop the e-Portfolio design principles as an instructional tool for teaching and learning?”
To develop a strong research question from your ideas, you should ask yourself these things:
- Do I know the field and its literature well?
- What are the important research questions in my field?
- What areas need further exploration?
- Could my study fill a gap? Lead to greater understanding?
- Has a great deal of research already been conducted in this topic area?
- Has this study been done before? If so, is there room for improvement?
- Is the timing right for this question to be answered? Is it a hot topic, or is it becoming obsolete?
- If you are proposing an innovation or intervention, is the target community interested?
- Most importantly, will my study have a significant impact on the field?
- A research focus should be narrow, not broad-based.